A successful seed producer should be well versed with the crop and its production, packaging and storage technologies and improved varieties and their characteristics besides being aware of various seed acts and regulations in operation in the country. This publication deals with brief introduction of the crop, its origin, taxonomy and reproductive biology and status of groundnut improvement in India to create awareness about the crop and provides information on the procedure of release and notification of varieties, seeds acts and regulations, protection of plant varieties and farmers’ rights act, seed systems prevailing in India